Motion sensing is of fundamental importance for user interfaces and input devices. In applications, where optical sensing is preferred, traditional camera-based approaches can be prohibitive due to limited resolution, low frame rates and the required computational power for image processing. We introduce a novel set of motion-sensing configurations based on laser speckle sensing that are particularly suitable for human-computer interaction. The underlying principles allow these configurations to be fast, precise, extremely compact and low cost. We provide an overview and design guidelines for laser speckle sensing for user interaction and introduce four general speckle projector/sensor configurations. We describe a set of prototypes and applications that demonstrate the versatility of our laser speckle sensing techniques.
We introduce an interactive method to assess cataracts in the human eye by crafting an optical solution that measures the perceptual impact of forward scattering on the foveal region. Current solutions rely on highly-trained clinicians to check the back scattering in the crystallin lens and test their predictions on visual acuity tests. Close-range parallax barriers create collimated beams of light to scan through sub-apertures, scattering light as it strikes a cataract. User feedback generates maps for opacity, attenuation, contrast and sub-aperture point-spread functions. The goal is to allow a general audience to operate a portable high-contrast light-field display to gain a meaningful understanding of their own visual conditions. User evaluations and validation with modified camera optics are performed. Compiled data is used to reconstruct the individual’s cataract-affected view, offering a novel approach for capturing information for screening, diagnostic, and clinical analysis.
We have created a 3D motion-tracking system with an automatic, real-time vibrotactile feedback with an assembly of photo-sensors, infrared projector pairs, vibration motors, and wearable suit. This system allows us to enhance and quicken the motor learning process in variety of fields such as healthcare (physiotherapy), entertainment (dance), and sports (martial arts).
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